April in Georgia History

A number of significant historical events have occurred in Georgia during the month of April.

1700-1749

1732
King George II of England signed a charter establishing the trustee colony of Georgia.

1750-1799

1752
The

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Fort Frederica National Monument
The British regiment at Frederica disbanded in May 1749. In April 1758, a great fire swept Frederica, reducing much of it to ashes. Today the ruins form the Fort Frederica National Monument.
DC Description: 
Photograph of visitors standing next to the remains of Fort Frederica on St Simons Island, Georgia The low, crenelated tabby walls of the fort face the water A cannon sits in the foreground Designed to defend the southern frontier from the continued presence of Spanish colonials in the American Southeast, Fort Frederica on St Simons Island, Georgia served as the British military headquarters in colonial America
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Fort Frederica National Monument
Ga
Historic sites
Georgia
Saint Simons Island Ordnance
Georgia
Saint Simons Island Barrier islands
Georgia Tourists
Georgia
Saint Simons Island Trees
Georgia
Saint Simons Island Tabby
Concrete
Color photographs
DC Location: 
Glynn County, Saint Simons Island, Georgia
Subject Headings: 
  Georgia Trustees ceded control of the colony to the British crown, after twenty years of rule.
1758
Much of Fort Frederica, established by James Oglethorpe on St. Simons Island, burned down.

1788
The first annual conference of Methodists in Georgia was held near Elberton.

1800-1849

1825

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William McIntosh
A Lower Creek Indian chief, William McIntosh was born to a Scottish father and Creek mother and was fluent in the culture and language of both Creek and white societies. He supported the United States in its efforts to obtain Creek land, and his role in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs was considered a betrayal by Creeks.
DC Description: 
Painting of William McIntosh He is depicted wearing a knee-length robe with a printed sash and a white shirt beneath He wears tall stockings with black breeches He stands outdoors against a cloudy sky A Lower Creek Indian chief, McIntosh was born to a Scottish father and Creek mother and was fluent in the culture and language of both Creek and white societies He supported the United States in its efforts to obtain Creek land, and his role in the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs was considered a betrayal by Creeks
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Creek Indians
Georgia Indians of North America
Georgia Plantation owners
Georgia Creek Indians
Treaties Indians
Kings and rulers McIntosh William ca 1775 1825 Paintings
visual works
Color photographs
Subject Headings: 
 William McIntosh was killed by fellow Creeks at his plantation, Lockchau Talofau, in present-day Carroll County. This occurred after he negotiated the Treaty of Indian Springs, which ceded remaining Creek lands to the state of Georgia.
1838
The first coins were issued from the Branch Mint at Dahlonega.

1850-1899

1862
During

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Susie King Taylor
Susie King Taylor was the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves, and the only black woman to publish a memoir of her Civil War experiences.
DC Description: 
Photograph of author and teacher Susie King Taylor She wears a long black dress and black veil She stands and faces forward Taylor was the first African American to teach openly in a school for former slaves As the author of Reminiscences of My Life in Camp with the 33d United States Colored Troops, Late 1st S C Volunteers, she was the only African American woman to publish a memoir of her wartime experiences
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Authors American
Georgia
Savannah Women authors American
Georgia
Savannah African American authors
Georgia
Savannah African American women authors
Georgia
Savannah Teachers
Georgia
Savannah Women teachers
Georgia
Savannah African American teachers
Georgia
Savannah African American women teachers
Georgia
Savannah Women
Georgia
Savannah African American women
Georgia
Savannah Taylor Susie King b 1848 Black and white photographs
DC Location: 
Chatham County, Savannah, Georgia
Subject Headings: 
 the Civil War, Fort Pulaski fell to Union forces, and Union spy James Andrews incited a seven-hour locomotive chase, later known as the Andrews Raid.
Susie King Taylor and other African Americans fled to St. Simons Island, which was under the control of Union troops. There, Taylor organized the state's first freely operating freedmen's school.

1863
Women in Columbus, desperate for food as a result of wartime shortages, looted several stores in what became known as a "bread riot."

1865

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Bread Riots
Hunger on the Georgia home front became so serious during the Civil War that food riots, with women as the main participants, broke out all across the state beginning in 1863.
DC Description: 
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Civil War, Civil War Homefront
Subject Headings: 
 near the end of the war, resulted in the surrender of both Columbus and Macon to Union troops. That same month, a female military unit called the Nancy Harts surrendered LaGrange to Union troops.
1881
Spelman College was founded in the basement of Atlanta's Friendship Baptist Church.

1898
The federal government requested that Georgia supply 3,000 troops for military campaigns during the Spanish-American War.

1900-1949

1903
Souls of Black Folk by W. E. B. Du Bois was published.

1912
Georgia

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William Taft and Archibald Butt
U.S. president William Howard Taft (front row, second from left) attends a baseball game in 1910. Seated directly behind Taft is Augusta native Archibald Butt, who served as the president's military aide from 1909 until his death aboard the Titanic in 1912.
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
archibald butt, william taft, baseball, philadelphia athletics (team), arthur twining hadley, philander c. knox, charles phelps taft
Date Period: 
Saturday, January 1, 1910
Subject Headings: 
 native Archibald Butt, a military aide to U.S. president William Howard Taft, died aboard the Titanic after delivering a message from the president to Catholic pope Pius X at the Vatican in Rome, Italy.
1913
The Georgia Old Time Fiddlers' Convention was held in Atlanta each April from 1913 to 1935.
Leo Frank was arrested in Atlanta for the murder of Mary Phagan. Frank was found guilty of the crime and sentenced to death, but he was later lynched by a mob after Governor John M. Slaton commuted his sentence to life imprisonment.

1918
During World War I, more than 500 German prisoners of war were interned at camps near Fort McPherson.

1926
The 

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Masters Tournament
Spectators watch golfers play the sixth hole (the Juniper) at Augusta National Golf Club during the Masters Tournament.
DC Description: 
Spectators watch golfers play the sixth hole, which is named the Juniper, at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia during the Masters Tournament
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Golf courses
Georgia
Augusta Masters Golf Tournament Golfers
Georgia
Augusta Sports spectators
Georgia
Augusta Augusta National Golf Club Golf
Georgia
Augusta Athletes
Georgia
Augusta Professional athletes
Georgia
Augusta Men
Georgia
Augusta Women
Georgia
Augusta Color photographs
DC Location: 
Richmond County, Augusta, Georgia
Subject Headings: 
country music string band Gid Tanner and His Skillet Lickers recorded eight songs in Atlanta for Columbia Records.
1934
The first Masters Tournament was held in Augusta.

1936
One of the most destructive tornadoes in the nation's history hit Gainesville.

1937
The

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Angelo Herndon
Angelo Herndon, an Ohio native and member of the Communist Party, became an international figure upon his arrest in 1932, when he was charged with attempting to incite insurrection while organizing workers in Atlanta. His case moved through the Georgia judicial system and appeared twice before the U.S. Supreme Court, which granted Herndon his freedom in 1937.
DC Description: 
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
angelo herndon, portrait, communist, communism
Subject Headings: 
 U.S. Supreme Court struck down an insurrection statute used to convict Angelo Herndon, a member of the Communist Party who was arrested in Fulton County after participating in a labor demonstration.
1942
During World War II, the German U-boat U-123 sank three tankers off the Georgia coast.

1945
U.S. 

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Franklin D. Roosevelt at the Little White House
In 1924, three years after Roosevelt contracted polio, he began visiting Warm Springs in Georgia. The springs were thought to be beneficial for polio victims. Roosevelt, who became the U.S. president in 1932, is pictured in front of the Little White House in Warm Springs.
DC Description: 
Photograph of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt pictured in front of the Little White House in Warm Springs, Georgia He is shown standing with the assistance of a cane In 1924, three years after Roosevelt contracted polio, he began visiting Warm Springs He built a residence there that later became known as the Little White House The springs were thought to be beneficial for polio victims Roosevelt became the U S president in 1932
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Presidents
Dwellings
United States Second homes
Georgia
Warm Springs Dwellings
Warm Springs Presidents
United States Men
Warm Springs Politicians
Warm Springs Staffs
Sticks canes etc
Warm Springs Little White House
Warm Springs Ga
Roosevelt Franklin D
Franklin Delano
1882 1945
Homes and haunts Buildings
Warm Springs Warm Springs
Ga
Buildings structures etc Historic buildings
Warm Springs Roosevelt Franklin D
1882 1945 Black and white photographs
DC Location: 
Meriwether County, Warm Springs, Georgia
Subject Headings: 
Georgia Performance Standards: 
president Franklin D. Roosevelt died at the Little White House in Warm Springs on April 12.
1946
Ed Dodd's comic strip Mark Trail debuted.

1947
The Brooklyn Dodgers bought Jackie Robinson's contract, and a few days later Robinson became the first African American to play in a major-league baseball game on April 15.

1950-1999

1954
Hank Aaron, playing for the Milwaukee (later Atlanta) Braves, hit his first major-league home run.

1957
Twelve-year-old

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Brenda Lee and Elvis Presley
Rockabilly singer Brenda Lee began performing in the Atlanta area at the age of five. In 1957 she met Elvis Presley for the first time and performed with him in a Grand Ole Opry performance at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee.
DC Description: 
Photograph of singer Brenda Lee as a child and Elvis Presley His arm is around her shoulders, and she holds his left hand with her right hand She wears a knee-length white dress, and he wears a tuxedo She performed with him in a 1957 Grand Ole Opry performance at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee Born in Atlanta, Georgia, Lee has enjoyed success as a child performer, teen idol, and easy-listening and country music singer
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Singers
Tennessee
Nashville Musicians
Nashville Child musicians
Nashville Girls
Nashville Entertainers
Nashville Men
Tennessee Children
Nashville Lee Brenda 1944
Presley Elvis 1935 1977 Black and white photographs
DC Location: 
Davidson County
Nashville
Tennessee
Archival Collection: 
Georgia Music Hall of Fame
Subject Headings: 
  Brenda Lee made her debut on the country music charts with the song "One Step at a Time."
1959
The second location for the Naval Air Station Atlanta was completed in Marietta.

1965

1966
The Atlanta Braves played their first home game at the Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium on April 12.

1968
On April 7 Spelman College hosted a public viewing of the body of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr., who was assassinated at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee, on April 4. King's funeral took place on April 9 at Ebenezer Baptist Church, where he had shared the pastorate with his father since 1960.
Students at the University of Georgia staged a sit-in to protest the dress and curfew rules for women on campus, which were stricter than those for men.

1974
Hank Aaron, playing in his final season with the Atlanta Braves, broke Babe Ruth's home run record.

1979
The Georgia legislature declared Ray Charles's version of "Georgia on My Mind" to be the official state song.

1983

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<i>The Color Purple</i>
Narrated through the voice of Celie, The Color Purple is an epistolary novel (a work structured through a series of letters). The 1982 novel, by Alice Walker, was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award in 1983.
DC Description: 
Image of the cover of Alice Walker s novel The Color Purple (1982), which was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award in 1983 The cover features an illustration of a small house surrounded by the names of the book and author in bold purple text Narrated through the voice of Celie, The Color Purple is an epistolary novel (a work structured through a series of letters)
(old dc subject headings - do not use): 
Books Dwellings Fiction Literature Color photographs Books
Subject Headings: 
received both the Pulitzer Prize and the American Book Award for her novel The Color Purple.
1987
Alfred Uhry's play Driving Miss Daisy premiered at an off-Broadway theater.

1989

1990
The 40 Watt Club in Athens opened at its current location.

1995
The

johnny mercer_005.jpg

Johnny Mercer
Savannahian Johnny Mercer was one of America's most popular and successful songwriters of the twentieth century. Mercer penned lyrics to more than 1,000 songs, received nineteen Academy Award nominations, wrote music for a number of Broadway shows, and cofounded Capitol Records.
Date Period: 
Monday, January 1, 1940 to Sunday, December 31, 1950
Subject Headings: 
  state legislature declared April 19 to be "Johnny Mercer Day," in honor of the songwriter Johnny Mercer, from Savannah.
1996
The mayor of Savannah named April 26 as "John Berendt Day," in honor of the author of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil.

1999
The Georgia Sports Hall of Fame opened in Macon.

2000-2049

2000
The Georgia Writers Hall of Fame was inaugurated.

2004
Talk-show host Oprah Winfrey selected Carson McCullers's The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter (1940) for her book club, spiking sales of the novel.

April Birthdays

April 12, 1724                    Lyman Hall, Georgia signer of the Declaration of Independence
April [?], 1735                     Button Gwinnett, Georgia signer of the Declaration of Independence
April 9, 1739                      William Bartram, botanist and explorer
April 8, 1771                      William Rabun, Georgia governor
April 11, 1790                    George R. Gilmer, Georgia governor
April 20, 1800                    Mark Anthony Cooper, industrialist
April 1, 1812                      Tunis Campbell, politician
April 2, 1814                      Henry L. Benning, Georgia Supreme Court justice
April 15, 1821                    Joseph E. Brown, politician
April 10, 1823                    Thomas R. R. Cobb, Confederate officer
April 26, 1826                    Ambrose Wright, Confederate officer
April 2, 1833                      Thomas Ruger, Georgia governor
April 13, 1854                    Lucy Craft Laney, educator
April 14, 1856                    Lamartine Hardman, Georgia governor
April 27, 1861                    Richard B. Russell Sr., politician
April 11, 1862                    Henry Rutherford Butler, pharmacist
April 20, 1863                    Helen Dortch Longstreet, Progressive-era reformer
April 5, 1871                      Glenn "Pop" Warner, football coach
April 22, 1872                    Henrietta Dozier, architect
April 12, 1885                    A. T. Walden, civil rights leader
April 29, 1885                    Wallingford Riegger, musician
April 26, 1886                    Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, musician
April 27, 1892                    Louie D. Newton, religious Leader
April 23, 1897                    Lucius D. Clay, military logistics expert
April 5, 1901                      Melvyn Douglas, actor
April 4, 1902                      A. Thomas Bradbury, architect
April 6, 1905                      Andrée Ruellan, artist
April 2, 1907                      Luke Appling, baseball player
April 9, 1907                      Peyton Anderson, newspaper publisher
April 12, 1908                    Robert Scott, aviator
April 5, 1916                      William Ragsdale Cannon, religious Leader
April 30, 1916                    Robert Shaw, musician
April 1, 1921                      Beau Jack, athlete
April 20, 1924                    Alfred H. Colquitt, Confederate officer
April 12, 1926                    Jane Withers, actress
April 27, 1927                    Coretta Scott King, civil rights leader
April 9, 1930                      Jim Fowler, naturalist
April 23, 1937                    Coleman Barks, poet
April 1, 1939                      Phil Niekro, athlete
April 10, 1948                    Mel Blount, athlete
April 28, 1952                    Chuck Leavell, musician
April 12, 1964                    Amy Ray of the Indigo Girls, musician
April 13, 1964                    Davis Love III, golfer
April 26, 1966                    Natasha Trethewey, poet
April 18, 1983                    Cheryl Haworth, weight lifter
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Cite This Article
"April in Georgia History." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 01 May 2018. Web. 25 June 2018.
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