March in Georgia History

A number of significant historical events have occurred in Georgia during the month of March.

1500-1549

1540
Hernando de Soto and his army reached the southern border of what is now Georgia.

1700-1749

1734
The first group of Salzburgers, German-speaking Protestants who founded the town of Ebenezer, arrived in Savannah.

1750-1799

1776
During the Revolutionary War, British warships seized rice-laden merchant ships in the Battle of the Rice Boats.

1779
The royal government in Georgia was restored when, under the command of Archibald Campbell, the British won the Battle of Briar Creek.

1800-1849

1817

1825
The Revolutionary War hero Marquis de Lafayette, of France, visited Georgia.

1836
Mexican forces executed more than 330 Georgia volunteers under the command of James Walker Fannin Jr. during the Texas Revolution.

1842
Crawford Long performed in Jackson County the first surgical procedure using an anesthetic.

1850-1899

1859
The largest sale of human beings in the history of the United States occurred when Pierce Mease Butler sold 429 slaves in Savannah.

1862
During the Civil War, Joseph Addison Turner published the first issue of The Countryman newspaper.

1868
During Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan murdered Republican organizer George Ashburn in Columbus, marking the group's first instance of organized terrorism.

1874
Journalist  Henry W. Grady published his influential editorial "The New South."

1885
"Georgia Wonder" Annie Abbott gave her first performance.

1888
John Stith Pemberton filed papers for the incorporation of the Coca-Cola Company.

1889
Construction of the gold-domed state capitol building was completed.

1898
Atlanta businessman George V. Gress donated the Cyclorama painting depicting the Battle of Atlanta to the city.

1900-1949

1904
Emory University Hospital in Atlanta opened as Wesley Memorial Hospital.
1912
Eighteen girls held the first Girl Scouts meeting at the home of Juliette Gordon Low in Savannah.

1914
Pro-suffragewomen held their first rally in Atlanta.

1920
The Atlanta Black Crackers minor league baseball team joined the Negro Southern League.

1922
WSB, the first commercial radio station in the South, began broadcasting on March 15, under the ownership of the Atlanta Journal. WGM, owned by rival paper the Atlanta Constitution, followed WSB onto the air one day later.

1924
Riley Puckettwith fiddler Gid Tanner, became the first country music artist to record for the Columbia Phonograph Company.

1934
The Masters Tournament golf championship began in Augusta.

1937
Angelo Herndon's autobiography, Let Me Live, was published.

1944
Trappist monks from Kentucky founded the Monastery of the Holy Spirit in Conyers.

1946

1947
The "three governors controversy" came to an end when the Supreme Court of Georgia ruled that Melvin Thompson was the rightful governor.

1950-1999
1955
Wallingford Riegger first performed his classical composition Dance Rhythms in Albany.

1956
James Brown's first single, "Please Please Please," was released.

1959
Peachtree City, considered the most successful planned community in the nation, was incorporated.

1960
Students from Atlanta's historically black colleges and universities organized a series of sit-ins around the city to protest segregation.

1961
During the centennial of the Civil War, Atlanta hosted a "re-premiere" of the film Gone With the Wind (1939).
U.S. president John F. Kennedy announced that the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation in Marietta had been awarded the contract to build the C-141 Starlifter. Seven years later, the company began production of the first C-5 Galaxy aircraft.

1967
The first issue of Foxfire magazine, a project by students at the Rabun Gap–Nacoochee School, was released.

1968
The first issue of the Great Speckled Bird, an underground newspaper in Atlanta, was published.
Otis Redding's "Sittin' on the Dock of the Bay" topped the pop music charts nationwide.

1969

1970
James Dickey's novel Deliverance was published.

1977
U.S. president Jimmy Carter participated in the first "Dial-a-President" radio broadcast.

1980
Athens rock band R.E.M. formed.

1987
Delta Air Lines offered its first transpacific service to Tokyo, Japan, from Portland, Oregon.

1992
Wesleyan College hosted the first induction ceremony for Georgia Women of Achievement.

2000-2049

2004
During a statewide referendum, Georgians voted for a new state flag design.

2008
The USS Georgia, a renovated guided-missile submarine, arrived at Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base, becoming the only submarine to reside in the same state for which it is named.

March Birthdays

March 6, 1745                        Casimir Pulaski, Revolutionary War hero
March [25, 26], 1774              Thomas Spalding, antebellum planter
March 8, 1822                        Richard Malcolm Johnston, writer
March 19, 1827                      John Rollin Ridge, writer
March 27, 1827                      William Louis Jones, science professor and journalist
March 28, 1834                      Rufus Bullock, governor
March 3, 1836                        Jefferson Franklin Long, politician
March 16, 1841                      Henry Tift, business leader
March 21, 1856                      Henry O. Flipper, first African American graduate from the
                                               U.S. Military Academy at West Point
March 23, [1868]                    Fiddlin' John Carson, musician
March 17, 1869                      Corra Harris, writer
March 1, 1876                        Ivan Allen Sr., Atlanta booster
March 12, 1888                      Hall Johnson, musician
March 21, 1889                      Mildred Seydell, writer
March 1, 1890                        William B. Hartsfield, politician
March 17, 1890                      Hattie Saussy, artist
March 3, 1891                        Grace Lumpkin, writer
March 13, 1902                      Jesse Jewell, business leader
March 17, 1902                      Bobby Jones, golfer
March 20, 1907                      Ellis Arnall, governor
March 15, 1911                      Ivan Allen Jr., politician
March 11, 1913                      Malcolm Bell Jr., historian
March 1, 1916                        Paul Broun Sr., politician
March 15, 1916                      Harry James, musician
March 14, 1918                      Cecil Alexander, architect
March 14, 1921                      Truett Cathy, business leader
March 10, 1924                      Tom Murphy, politician
March 25, 1925                      Flannery O'Connor, writer
March 26, 1925                      James Moody, musician
March 11, 1926                      Ralph Abernathy, civil rights figure
March 20, 1927                      Leon Neel, ecologist
March 1, 1929                        Dorothy Felton, politician
March 8, 1930                        Millard Grimes, writer
March 12, 1932                      Andrew Young, civil rights figure
March 3, 1936                        Preston King, civil rights figure
March 20, 1937                      Jerry Reed, musician
March 2, 1938                        Tom Buck, politician
March 10, 1938                      Norman Blake, musician
March 16, 1938                      Emma Amos, artist
March 23, 1938                      Maynard Jackson, politician
March 21, 1939                      Martha Hudson, track and field Olympian
March 23, 1940                      John Blassingame, historian
March 2, 1941                        David Satcher, U.S. surgeon general
March 29, 1942                      Scott Wilson, actor
March 29, 1945                      Walt Frazier, basketball player
March 4, 1947                        Pam Durban, writer
March 11, 1948                      Roy Barnes, governor
March 20, 1958                      Holly Hunter, actor
March 3, 1962                        Herschel Walker, football player
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Cite This Article
Staff, NGE. "March in Georgia History." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 01 April 2014. Web. 24 April 2014.
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