October in Georgia History

A number of significant historical events have occurred in Georgia during the month of October.

1750-1799

1765
Naturalists John and William Bartram discovered a small grove of trees with white flowers along the southern reaches of the Altamaha River; the species became commonly known as the Franklin tree.

1776
Georgia held its first constitutional convention in Savannah. 

1779
During the Revolutionary War, a fierce battle known as the Siege of Savannah took place between the city's British occupiers and combined American and French troops. Polish count Casimir Pulaski was killed in the fighting.

1800-1849

1807

1829
The Medical College of Georgia (later Georgia Health Sciences University) opened in Augusta.

1832
The first drawing of the Georgia land lottery was held in Milledgeville.

1836
Entrepreneur Nelson Tift founded the city of Albany, today the seat of Dougherty County.

1842
Construction of Central State Hospital in Milledgeville was completed.

1850-1899

1879
Governor Alfred H. Colquitt signed legislation creating Georgia's first official state flag.

1881
Georgia native John Henry "Doc" Holliday participated in the gunfight at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona.

1888
The Georgia Institute of Technology opened in Atlanta.

1889
A sham Civil War battle, an early form of reenacting, took place during an Atlanta cotton exposition.

1890
The Salvation Army began its work in Georgia.

1899
Ruskin Commonwealth, a short-lived Utopian community in Ware County, was incorporated.

1900-1949

1906
Voters elected to ratify an amendment to the state constitution creating the Court of Appeals of Georgia.

1918
During World War I, troops began arriving at a new military camp outside Columbus, which would later be called Fort Benning.

1918
On October 6, approximately 130 soldiers from Fort Screven died onboard the Otranto, which sank en route to England.

1923
The first incarnation of the Atlanta Symphony Orchestra premiered on October 7.

1924
Franklin D. Roosevelt, paralyzed after an attack of polio, visited Warm Springs for the first time. He subsequently built a home there, which was known during his presidency as the "Little White House."

1927
On October 11, aviator Charles Lindbergh arrived for "Lindbergh Day" in Atlanta to celebrate his record-breaking transatlantic flight.

1928
The Cloister hotel opened on Sea Island.

1929
The University of Georgia football team defeated the Yale University team in the inaugural game at Sanford Stadium (named for the educator Steadman V. Sanford).

1940
The first troops arrived at Camp Stewart (later Fort Stewart), outside Savannah.

1941
An official groundbreaking and flag-raising ceremony took place at Fort Gordon in Augusta.

1941
Governor Eugene Talmadge declared October 23 to be "Swamp Water Day" in honor of the Hollywood movie Swamp Water, which premiered in Waycross that evening.

1947
The state of Georgia purchased Jekyll Island, which subsequently became Jekyll Island State Park.

1949
WERD, Atlanta's first black radio station, started broadcasting.

1950-1999

1950
Evangelist Billy Graham brought his crusade to Atlanta for the first time, and he drew the largest crowd of his career there on October 29.

1958
The Temple, Atlanta's oldest and most prominent Jewish synagogue, was bombed on October 12, likely in response to Rabbi Jacob Rothschild's stance against segregation.

1963
Savannah city leaders desegregated public and private facilities on October 1.

1964
Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. became the youngest Nobel Peace Prize recipient in history.

1968
In Atlanta, the Alliance Theatre held its debut performance.

1973
Maynard Jackson was elected mayor of Atlanta, becoming the first black mayor of a major southern city.

1973
Gladys Knight and the Pips' "Midnight Train to Georgia" went to number one on the pop singles chart.

1980
Heavyweight boxing champion Larry Holmes scored an eleventh-round technical knockout over the former titleholder Muhammad Ali.

1986
The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum was dedicated in Atlanta.

1990
Evander Holyfield took the heavyweight title for the first of three times he would win it, a record matched only by Muhammad Ali.

1990
A Conyers housewife first claimed to have received messages from the Virgin Mary; her visions ceased in October 1998.

1991
Georgian Clarence Thomas was sworn in as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

1992

1995
The Atlanta Braves won the World Series, the team's first series win in thirty-eight years.

1998
On October 24, the Atlanta Braves played their last game in Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium before moving to Turner Field.

2000-2049

2002
U.S. president Jimmy Carter became the second Georgia native to win the Nobel Peace Prize, setting a record for the most recipients of the award from one state.

2004
Filming began on the feature film Warm Springs, which chronicles the life of Franklin D. Roosevelt from 1921 to 1928.

2008
In Atlanta, filmmaker Tyler Perry opens the nation's first major film studio owned by an African American.

October Birthdays

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Cite This Article
Staff, NGE. "October in Georgia History." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 01 October 2014. Web. 24 October 2014.
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