July in Georgia History

A number of significant historical events have occurred in Georgia during the month of July.

1700-1749

1733
The founders of Congregation Mickve Israel, the South's oldest Jewish congregation, arrived in Savannah.

1742
The Battle of Bloody Marsh, a skirmish between English and Spanish forces on St. Simons Island, took place on July 7.

1750-1799

1782
Following its defeat in the Revolutionary War, the British army left Savannah on July 11.

1800-1849

1840
Wesleyan College in Macon, the first degree-granting women's college in the world, graduated its inaugural class.

1850-1899

1851
The Georgia Military Institute opened in Marietta and remained open through the end of the Civil War.

1864
During the Atlanta Campaign of the Civil War, the Battle of Atlanta took place on July 22. That same month Union general William T. Sherman ordered approximately 400 mill workers in Roswell, mostly women, to be arrested as traitors and shipped with their children as prisoners to the North.

1869
The Atlanta Constitution published the first Uncle Remus story by Joel Chandler Harris on July 20.

1873
Thomasville native Henry O. Flipper enrolled in the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, New York, and later became the first African American to graduate from that institution.

1879
Mormon missionary Joseph Standing was murdered on July 21 in Whitfield County while traveling to a church conference.

1889
Elberton was christened the "Granite City" on July 6 by the Elberton Star newspaper for its role in the granite industry.

1900-1949

1906
The  state legislature proposed and approved an amendment to the state constitution creating the Court of Appeals of Georgia.

1913
One of the most notorious trials in Georgia history began when Leo Frank was charged in Fulton County Superior Court with the first-degree murder of thirteen-year-old Mary Phagan.

1914
Asa Candler, former president of the Coca-Cola Company, offered a gift of $1 million to open a new Methodist college. This donation led to the creation of what would become Emory University in Atlanta.

1918
Souther Field, the site of aviator Charles Lindbergh's first solo flight, was built in Sumter County during World War I.

1930
Golfing great Bobby Jones won the U.S. Open on his way to becoming the first golfer to claim a Grand Slam.

1932
Communist organizer Angelo Herndon was arrested on charges of attempting to incite an insurrection in Atlanta.

1936
Margaret Mitchell sold the movie rights to Gone With the Wind for $50,000, an unprecedented sum for a first novel.

1944
Primus E. King challenged the white primary system in Georgia by attempting to vote at the Muscogee County Courthouse on July 4 in Columbus.

1946
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta was established.

1950-1999

1960
The Atlanta International Raceway (later Atlanta Motor Speedway) hosted its first race on July 31.

1963
The Americus Movement to protest segregation in that town began with marches against the Martin Theater.

1964
Martin Luther King Jr. attended the July 2 signing ceremony for the Civil Rights Act at the White House.

1976
The Georiga Agrirama (later the Georgia Museum of Agriculture and Historic Village) opened in Tifton.
Hank Aaron, hitting his 755th and final home run, set the all-time record for career home runs on July 20.

1977
U.S. president Jimmy Carter awarded Martin Luther King Jr. the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

1978
The  Kings Bay Naval Submarine Base at St. Marys was commissioned.

1983
Georgia's current state constitution went into effect on July 1.

1986
The first Goodwill Games, sponsored by Ted Turner, began in Moscow, Russia.

1993
On July 10 the groundbreaking ceremony for Centennial Olympic Stadium took place in Atlanta, where the 1996 Olympic Games would commence three years and nine days later.

1994
The  Flint River overflowed its banks when tropical storm Alberto stalled over western Georgia.

1999
Alton Brown's television cooking program Good Eats premiered on the Food Network.
Celestine Sibley's final column for the Atlanta Journal-Constitution ran on July 25.

July Birthdays

July 31, 1782                      Oliver H. Prince, politician
July 9, 1793                        Charles McDonald, governor
July 1810                            Nelson Tift, politician
July 2, 1810                        Robert Toombs, politician
July 19, 1814                      Patrick Hues Mell, religious figure
July 3, 1827                        Logan Bleckley, judge
July 9, 1835                        William J. Northen, governor
July 27, 1850                      E. K. Love, religious figure
July 31, 1850                      Joel Hurt, businessman
July 16, 1851                      Mildred Lewis Rutherford, Confederate memorialist
July 27, 1852                      George Foster Peabody, philanthropist
July 5, 1858                        Will Harben, writer
July 1863                            Walter White, civil rights advocate
July 10, 1871                      Hugh M. Dorsey, governor
July 4, 1877                        Clifford Walker, governor
July 6, 1893                        William C. Pauley, landscape architect
July 17, 1897                      Elbert Parr Tuttle, judge
July 14, 1898                      Alexander Brook, artist
July 1, 1899                        "Georgia Tom" Dorsey, musician
July 9, 1899                        Ellamae Ellis League, architect
July 4, 1900                        Nellie Mae Rowe, artist
July 6, 1901                        Charles McCartney ("Goat Man"), religious figure
July 25, 1903                      Walter J. Brown, journalist
July 13, 1905                      Ben Shute, artist
July 4, 1908                        St. EOM, artist
July 22, 1912                      R. A. Miller, artist
July 29, 1912                      Clarence Jordan, religious figure
July 17, 1914                      Culver Kidd, politician
July 3, 1918                        Ernest Vandiver Jr., governor
July 17, 1924                      Olive Ann Burns, writer
July 11, 1925                      Mattiwilda Dobbs, musician
July 18, 1927                      Slater King, civil rights advocate
July 22, 1927                      Edward J. Cashin, historian
July 29, 1927                      Horace T. Ward, civil rights advocate
July 28, 1928                      Leroy Johnson, civil rights advocate
July 1, 1933                        Jean Childs Young, educator
July 8, 1941                        Hamilton Holmes, civil rights advocate
July 22, 1941                      James H. Blanchard, businessman
July 11, 1947                      Francine Reed, musician
July 5, 1950                        Earl T. Shinhoster, civil rights advocate
July 13, 1953                      Greg Johnson, writer
July 4, 1961                        Margaret Edson, writer
July 30, 1962                      Alton Brown, television personality
July 22, 1963                      Emily Saliers of the Indigo Girls, musician
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Cite This Article
Staff, NGE. "July in Georgia History." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 03 August 2014. Web. 27 November 2014.
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