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National Historic Sites
In its early days the National Park Service
The founder of the Georgia colony, James Oglethorpe, established Fort Frederica on St. Simons Island in 1736 as part of Great Britain's struggle with Spain for control of North America. Today, visitors can tour the remains of this fortified town and imagine life in what was once a remote outpost of the British Empire.
Farther down the coast, Cumberland is a barrier island once inhabited by Native Americans, European traders, and slave workers, and was the occasional home of the Carnegie family, who were part-time residents.
The Battle of Chickamauga, fought September 18-20, 1863, was a stunning victory for Confederates. The bloody fighting on farm fields and in forest clearings pushed Union forces back to Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Kennesaw Mountain, in northwest suburban Atlanta, represents the Atlanta campaign of 1864, a critical factor in U.S. president Abraham Lincoln's reelection. These Civil War historic sites give visitors an opportunity to reflect on the courage of young soldiers and on the great questions of race and national identity that were at issue in the war.
Another phase of the Civil War is commemorated at Andersonville in southwest Georgia. The hardships faced by captured Union soldiers and American prisoners of war in all conflicts are commemorated at this site.
At the nearby Jimmy Carter National Historic Site in Sumter County, established in 1987, visitors can explore the rural southern world that shaped the character of Jimmy Carter, the thirty-ninth president.
The Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site in Atlanta preserves the childhood home, church, and burial place of Martin Luther King Jr., America's human rights champion.
At the Chattahoochee National Recreation Area, also in Atlanta, visitors can view the remains of late-nineteenth-century water-powered mills.
Barry L. Brown and Gordon R. Elwell, Crossroads of Conflict: A Guide to Civil War Sites in Georgia (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010).
Georgia Civil War Commission, Crossroads of Conflict (Atlanta: Georgia Historic Preservation Division, Georgia Tourism Division, and Georgia Civil War Commission, 1993-2002).
Jim Miles, Georgia Civil War Sites (Warner Robins, Ga.: n.p., 1987).
Robert W. Blythe, National Park Service
A project of the Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor.