Julian Bond (b. 1940)
Horace Julian Bond was born on January 14, 1940, in Nashville, Tennessee. His father, Horace Mann Bond, became the first president of Fort Valley State College (later Fort Valley State University) in Fort Valley, Georgia, in 1939 and the first African American president of Lincoln University in Pennsylvania in 1945, as well as dean of education at Atlanta University (later Clark Atlanta University) in 1957. After finishing high school, Julian Bond moved to Atlanta in 1957 to attend Morehouse College. At the all-black college, Bond joined the varsity swimming team, was one of the founding members of the literary magazine The Pegasus, and served as an intern for Time magazine. Bond's lifelong dedication to civil rights began at Morehouse when the young student helped organize the Committee on Appeal for Human Rights. The civil rights organization staged various nonviolent protests that led to the integration of Atlanta's theaters, lunch counters, and parks.
On Easter weekend 1960, Bond joined several other college students in Raleigh, North Carolina,
In 1965 Bond officially entered the political arena. The veteran civil rights activist won a seat in the Georgia legislature,
While in the senate, Bond became the first African American chair of the Fulton County
Bond is a professor of history at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. His writings have appeared in the Nation, Life, the New York Times, and other national publications. He is also chair of the board of directors of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Clayborn Carson, In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995).
John Neary, Julian Bond: Black Rebel (New York: Morrow, 1971).
Roger M. Williams, The Bonds: An American Family (New York: Atheneum, 1971).
Jennifer Roady, University of Georgia
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