Charlton County, in southeast Georgia, is the state's 111th county. Comprising 781 square miles, the county borders Florida and includes most of the Okefenokee Swamp. It was carved from a part of Camden County and officially recognized by the state legislature in 1854. Portions of Ware County were added to Charlton in 1855. Charlton County was named for Robert Milledge Charlton, a nineteenth-century jurist, U.S. senator, and mayor of Savannah. The current courthouse was built in 1928 and placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. The area was originally inhabited by Creek Indians, and the first white settlers came from neighboring counties in Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina.
More than 98 percent
Annual events include Sandhill Crane Awareness Day, Wings over the Swamp, National Wildlife Week and Earth Day Art Festival, the Okefenokee Festival, the Folkston RailWatch, the Cherokee of Georgia Council Spring Pow Wow, and the Mizell House Gala.
According to the 2010 U.S. census, the county population is 12,171, an increase from the 2000 population of 10,282.
Susan R. Boatright and Douglas C. Bachtel, eds., Georgia County Guide (Athens: Center for Agribusiness and Economic Development, University of Georgia, annual).
Whit Gibbons, "The Spirit of Southeast Georgia," in The New Georgia Guide (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1996), pp. 565-93.
Lois B. Mays, Settlers of the Okefenokee: Seven Biographical Sketches (Folkston, Ga.: privately printed, 1975).
Alexander S. McQueen, History of Charlton County (Atlanta: Stein, 1932).
"The Okefenokee Swamp," Georgia Wildlife: Natural Georgia Series 6, no. 1 (1997).
Elizabeth B. Cooksey, Savannah
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