Northwest Georgia's Floyd County, formerly home to many of the state's Cherokee Indians, was established on December 3, 1832, two years after the Georgia legislature passed a law extending its jurisdiction over the Cherokee territory in that part of the state. The subsequent 1832 act divided the Cherokee country into ten large counties. Floyd, the eighty-eighth county in Georgia, was named for General John Floyd, statesman and Indian fighter.
Two years after Floyd County's inception, the county seat was moved from Livingston to a fertile area of land where the Etowah and Oostanaula rivers meet to form the Coosa River; there, the city of Rome was born. Banks, mercantile houses, law offices, stagecoaches, foundries, riverboats, and churches began to appear in the area as new settlers moved into Rome and the surrounding county.
Four postsecondary institutions, all based in Rome, make their home in Floyd County. Two, Shorter University and Berry College, are private institutions. Georgia Highlands College and Georgia Northwestern Technical College are two-year state institutions.
Notably, Floyd County
Among distinguished Floyd County residents are Ellen Axson Wilson, former First Lady and first wife of U.S. president Woodrow Wilson; Martha Berry, the founder of Berry College; and John H. Towers, a naval aviation pioneer and World War II military strategist who is honored in the Georgia Aviation Hall of Fame.
According to the 2010 U.S. census, Floyd County has a population of 96,317, an increase from the 2000 population of 90,565.
Roger Aycock, All Roads Lead to Rome (Roswell, Ga.: W. H. Wolfe Associates, 1981).
George Magruder Battey Jr., A History of Rome and Floyd County, State of Georgia, United States of America: Including Numerous Incidents of More Than Local Interest, 1540-1922 (Atlanta: Webb and Vary, 1922; reprint, Atlanta: Cherokee, 1969).
N. Michelle Williamson, Rome
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