Slater King (1927-1969)
Civil rights activist Slater King was a successful real estate broker who focused his entrepreneurial skills on farsighted plans to help African Americans in Albany and Dougherty County achieve economic independence. Initially vice president of the Albany Movement, founded in 1961, King went on to assume the presidency after Americus-born osteopath William G. Anderson stepped down from the leadership role.
Early Life and Employment
After graduating from college King managed his father's grocery store, then worked in a brokerage business, and finally was hired by the Aetna Insurance Company. His real estate business had begun to grow. With his wife, Marion, as administrative assistant, the operation expanded rapidly, necessitating a move to a new office building, which opened around 1965. There King worked next to, and often with, his older brother, the civil rights lawyer C. B. King. Eventually King's brokerage firm employed as many as thirty people in various aspects of the business, which included real estate management and sales and insurance.
Civil Rights Movement
A 1962 incident involving Marion King helped galvanize those who previously had not been as active in or supportive of local movement activities.
Another incident involving the brutal treatment of African Americans by the Baker County sheriff ultimately led to Slater King's 1963 arrest.
Community Service and Community Development
King also worked to improve conditions within the African American community in Albany. He wrote letters locally to improve school conditions and obtain better school supplies,
Other letters included in his correspondence are addressed to U.S. president John F. Kennedy, black activist Malcolm X, New York congressman Adam Clayton Powell, educator and activist W. E. B. Du Bois, the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions, the National Urban League, and the General Litigation Section of the U.S. Department of Justice.
King actively promoted socioeconomic development in and around south Albany and throughout the region. At the time housing was very limited for African Americans, and King used his real estate experience to purchase properties in some previously all-white areas and sell them to African Americans. King saw too that other housing needs for elderly African Americans were not being met. He envisioned an all-inclusive structure for people of all ethnic backgrounds. Although King was unable to secure sufficient funding for this project before his death, the Slater H. King Center was eventually built according to King's plans.
Another of King's projects was the development of low-income and church-sponsored housing units, for which he obtained grants and loans from the federal government, the city of Albany, and sympathetic private investors. These projects too were completed after his death in 1969.
Operative before that year was yet another project partially funded by the federal government. Observing the large number of jobless and ill-trained people in Albany, King applied for and received a large federal grant to assist with socioeconomic problems. The result was a very constructive and active facility in south Albany, the Dougherty County Resource Center.
King was killed in an auto accident in 1969 in Dawson. King's death was a loss to Albany's African American community in many respects. His reputation had earned him significant admiration, causing one visitor to remark, "If Slater had been white, he would have been mayor of Albany."
King worked successfully in many arenas, but at the time of his death his loss was perhaps felt most in Albany's arena of civil rights. In 1970 A. C. Searles, the owner of the African American weekly Southwest Georgian, said regretfully that the Albany Movement was dead, and "the only person who kept it alive was killed."
Taylor Branch, Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63 (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988), 524-61.
Mary Royal Jenkins, Open Dem Cells: A Pictorial History of the Albany Movement (Columbus, Ga.: Brentwood Academic Press, 2000).
Mary Sterner Lawson, Albany State University
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