The horse, Equus caballus, belongs to the order Perissodactyla ("odd-toed"), which includes nonruminating (not cud-chewing) hoofed animals. Equus originated in North America a million years ago and migrated throughout the rest of the world. It appears that the modern human and the modern horse developed together. This development started when humans hunted and subsisted on the flesh of horses.
Humans once used the horse as a tool for warfare, but the horse has had even greater significance
It is estimated that one in every thirty-five Americans is involved with horses in some manner. Many people
The horse industry has a total economic impact of $112.1 billion on the national gross domestic product and pays a total of $1.9 billion in taxes to federal, state, and local governments. In Georgia, with about 250,000 horses, the industry has an economic impact of more than $750 million. Among Georgia's agricultural commodities in 2003, horses ranked fifth in farm gate value, or the value of the animal as it leaves the farm.
J. Warren Evans et al., The Horse, 2d ed. (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1990).
Horse Industry Handbook: A Guide to Equine Care and Management (Lexington, Ky.: American Youth Horse Council, 1993).
Lon D. Lewis, Feeding and Care of the Horse, 2d ed. (Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1995).
Gary Heusner, University of Georgia
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