Janisse Ray (b. 1962)
Ray was born on February 2, 1962, and grew up near Baxley in rural Appling County on land that she has described as "about as ugly as a place gets." Raised in her father's junkyard, Ray was surrounded by a pop-impressionistic landscape of junkyards, wiregrass, and mobile homes adjacent to U.S. Highway 1. Living in rural isolation, she was further suppressed by an evangelical father with a religious fervor matched only by his passion for wildlife. Franklin Ray was a fatherly conundrum, depriving his children of such luxuries as television and inspiring them to preserve nature while junking up the landscape with old cars and blown-up tires. In order to survive the clutter, Ray found solace in a growing passion for the longleaf ecosystem that had all but vanished long before her time.
Along with the longleaf pine forests, the Ray family had barely survived. Descendants of a Celtic race called "Borderlanders," the Rays were among the original "Crackers," forefathers who migrated to the Georgia coastal area in the mid- to late 1800s and then promptly destroyed the longleaf forests—a heritage that later included rampant mental illness and poverty. Ray's father and grandfather both struggled with mental illness, exemplifying the "critically endangered" people who were slowly deteriorating along with their natural counterpart.
Ecology of a Cracker Childhood
Determined to save herself from a "legacy of ruination," Ray left home at eighteen to attend North Georgia College (later North Georgia College and State University) in Dahlonega. After discovering environmentalism at North Georgia, Ray became a dedicated naturalist and environmental activist, specializing in issues of critically endangered species. After two years at North Georgia College, she transferred to Florida State University, from which she later graduated. Ray's passion for literature and the environment eventually led her to attend graduate school at the University of Montana, where she received an M.F.A. in creative writing in 1997. During this period she received the 1996 Merriam-Frontier Award for Naming the Unseen, a chapbook of poetry about biology and place, and the Writer's Conferences and Festivals' Nonfiction Award. Ultimately, however, her passion for the longleaf pines led her back home.
In 1999 Ray
Ray's unique and inspiring work became an instant success, winning the Southeastern Booksellers Award for Nonfiction in 1999 and the Southern Environmental Law Center Award for Outstanding Writing on the Southern Environment, the Southern Book Critics Circle Award for Nonfiction, and the American Book Award in 2000.
Ray had returned to Baxley by the time Ecology of a Cracker Childhood was published, seventeen years after she had left home. She continued chronicling her legacy in a second autobiography, Wild Card Quilt: Taking a Chance on Home, which was published in 2003. The book discusses her return from Montana to Appling County with her son, Silas, as she once again reclaims her family's past.
In 2005 Ray published a third book, Pinhook: Finding Wholeness in a Fragmented Land. Pinhook chronicles the restoration of Pinhook Swamp, which joins the Okefenokee Swamp in Georgia with the Osceola National Forest in Florida. Through the efforts of Ray and other enviromentalists, the swamp is now a protected wildlife corridor.
As an activist and writer, Ray has published many poems and essays in such magazines and newspapers as Georgia Wildlife, National Geographic Wildlife, and Orion. A nature commentator for Georgia Public Radio and a founding board member of Altamaha Riverkeeper, Ray also helped to form the Georgia Nature-Based Tourism Association and continues working to preserve the 3,400-acre Moody Forest in Appling County.
Kim Purcell, Georgia Center for the Book
A project of the Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor.