Although Jainism is still largely unknown in the Deep South, informal groups of Jains began gathering in Atlanta around 1977, and in the early 1990s a Jain Society was formed. A few years later the
Jainism began in northeast India during the sixth century B.C. It was founded by a man known as Mahavira, or "Great Hero," who is regarded as the last of the master teachers known as Tirthankaras. Jainism takes its name from the word jinas, which means "conquerors" and refers to victory over the cycles of life. The ultimate goal of the soul is moksha, or liberation. Adherents believe that Jainism dates from time immemorial and is based on the teachings of twenty-four Tirthankaras.
Jains do not believe in a supreme being. They believe that all creatures have souls, and they place great value on good deeds toward animals, including insects, as well as toward human beings. Jains are vegetarians, and because of their reverence for plant life, strict Jains eat only what they believe is required for sustenance. Jainism accepts the idea of seven levels of heaven and seven levels of hell but considers these levels to be temporary stations for the soul between lives.
The main features inside Jain temples are images of the Tirthankaras. Worship services consist of the recitation of a prayer expressing salutation; the ritual bathing of the statues; and the offering of prescribed substances, including water, rice, flowers, and incense. Some Jains practice daily worship at home.
John E. Cort, Jains in the World: Religious Values and Ideology in India (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001).
Paul Dundas, The Jains, 2d ed. (New York: Routledge, 2002).
James Laidlaw, Riches and Renunciation: Religion, Economy, and Society among the Jains (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995).
David S. Williams, From Mounds to Megachurches: Georgia’s Religious Heritage (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2008).
Gayle C. White, Atlanta Journal-Constitution
A project of the Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor.