Georgia's County Governments

Georgia's County Governments

In Georgia, unlike most states with large cities, the county is still the center of political and cultural life for a majority of the state's citizens. Counties carry out locally a variety of state programs and policies, including collecting taxes, overseeing elections, conducting courts of law, filing official records, maintaining roads, and providing for the welfare of citizens.
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Georgia Constitution

Georgia Constitution

State constitutions are best understood with reference to their historical roots. A review of the history of Georgia's ten constitutions provides a synopsis of the political, economic, and social history of the state. Georgia's constitutional history also illustrates the various methods by which a constitution may be written or revised.
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Attorney General

Attorney General

The attorney general, the state's chief legal officer, is one of the six popularly elected executive officers provided for in the Georgia Constitution
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Georgia's City Governments

Georgia's City Governments

There are more than 520 cities and towns in Georgia. Each possesses a charter of municipal incorporation approved by the Georgia General Assembly. Because municipalities are creatures of the state legislature, their boundaries, their structure, and even their existence can be altered or abolished by the state.
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English Trade in Deerskins and Indian Slaves

English Trade in Deerskins and Indian Slaves

When the English came to America, the Native Americans of Georgia encountered one of the most profound forces for change: the world economy. European merchants ushered in this new economic system with a commercial trade in dressed animal skins but even more so with a commercial trade in enslaved Indians. The slave trade began in northeastern America and spread quickly.
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Nacoochee Mound

Nacoochee Mound

The Nacoochee Mound site is situated along the banks of the upper Chattahoochee River in the mountains of northeast Georgia.
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Swift Creek Culture

Swift Creek Culture

Swift Creek archaeological culture refers to Woodland prehistoric cultural groups in Georgia who manufactured a distinctive pottery type. This pottery, generally termed Swift Creek Complicated Stamped, is noted for its distinctive decoration.
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Cane Island Site

Cane Island Site

The Cane Island archaeological site is one of Georgia's earliest Native American farming villages. It now lies beneath Lake Oconee in Greene County, between Greensboro and Eatonton.
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Stallings Island Site

Stallings Island Site

Stallings Island, a National Historic Landmark site, was a major settlement of Late Archaic Native Americans from 4,500 to 3,500 years ago.
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Archaic Period: Overview

Archaic Period: Overview

The Archaic Period of Georgia prehistory lasted from about 10,000 to 3,000 years ago. Archaeologists have divided this very long period into three main subperiods: Early, Middle, and Late. Each is distinguished by important changes in cultural traditions, which generally follow a trend toward increasing social complexity.
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Courtesy of Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries