September in Georgia History

A number of significant historical events have occurred in Georgia during the month of September.

1700-1749

1736
Yamacraw Indian chief Tomochichi, with the help of Benjamin Ingham, a friend of brothers John Wesley and Charles Wesley, secured a school at Irene, outside Savannah.

1750-1799

1780
During the Revolutionary War (1775-83), Lieutenant Colonel Elijah Clarke, with 600 men who had taken an oath of allegiance to the king of England, attacked Augusta on September 14.

1850-1899

1855
The first class of the Atlanta Medical College (later Emory University School of Medicine) graduated.

1863
The Battle of Chickamauga, the largest battle ever fought in Georgia, occurred on September 18-20, during the Civil War (1861-65).

1864
On September 1, at the end of Union general William T. Sherman's Atlanta campaign, the Confederate army was forced out of the city. The mayor surrendered Atlanta to Union soldiers the next day.

1865
The First National Bank of Atlanta (later Wachovia Bank, and then Wells Fargo) was chartered.

1868
The Camilla Massacre, one of the more violent episodes during Reconstruction in Georgia, took place on September 19.

1885
The marble cornerstone for Georgia's current state capitol was laid on September 2.

1895
On September 18, the opening day of the Cotton States and International Exposition, Booker T. Washington gave his famous Atlanta Compromise speech.

1900-1949

1906
In late September, a race riot broke out in Atlanta. The riot lasted for three days and resulted in the deaths of dozens of black citizens.

1927
The first issue of the Atlanta Historical Bulletin (later Atlanta History journal) was published.

1928
Ty Cobb set the National League record for career hits with his last (4,191th) major league baseball hit on September 3.

1930
Golfer Bobby Jones became the first player ever to win the sport's "Grand Slam," clinching all four major titles with his win in the U.S. Amateur championship on September 27.

1934
The General Textile Strike of 1934 resulted in skirmishes across the state between textile industry laborers and authorities, who also launched raids to apprehend suspected Communists.

1934
The groundbreaking for Techwood Homes, the first public housing project built in the United States, took place in Atlanta.

1941
On September 1, the official groundbreaking ceremony for Robins Air Force Base occurred in Warner Robins.

1948
WSB-TV broadcast the first live commercial television program in Georgia on September 29.

1949
On September 25, Louise Suggs won the U.S. Women's Gold Championship in golf.

1950-1999

1955
Waffle House opened its first restaurant in Avondale Estates, an Atlanta suburb.

1955
Little Richard recorded his hit song "Tutti Frutti."

1957
The film adaptation of the book The Three Faces of Eve, which chronicles the treatment of a schizophrenic woman in Augusta, premiered in that city's Miller Theater.

1961
On September 27, Georgia Tech became the first institution of higher education in the Deep South to integrate peacefully and without a court order.

1963
Gene Patterson, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution, wrote a column denouncing the bombing on September 15 of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama, in which four African American children were killed. Entitled "A Flower for the Graves," the column received national attention.

1985
Georgia Trend magazine was launched.

1985
Boxer  Larry Holmes lost the world heavyweight championship title, which he had held since 1978.

1990
The International Olympic Committee named Atlanta as the host city for the 1996 Olympic Games.

1995
The Georgia International Horse Park, the equestrian venue for the Olympics, opened in Conyers.

1995
GALILEO, Georgia's virtual library, debuted on September 21.

1996

1997
Atlanta media mogul Ted Turner announced that he would donate $1 billion to United Nations charities.

2000-2049

2006
Panda bear Mei Lan ("Atlanta Beauty") was born at Zoo Atlanta.
2008
The Naturalist Center at the Fernbank Museum of Natural History in Atlanta opened.

September Birthdays

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Cite This Article
Editors, NGE Staff. "September in Georgia History." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 02 September 2014. Web. 21 September 2014.
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Courtesy of Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries