Barrow County is located in the Piedmont plateau between Atlanta and Athens, and its proximity to major metropolitan areas has caused rapid change in the county's demographics. According to the 2010 U.S. census, the population is 69,367, an increase from the 2000 population of 46,144. Such growth has transformed this once rural county to an area dotted by new housing subdivisions. With Highway 316 near its southern border and Interstate 85 on its northern one, Barrow County can expect continued economic and population growth.
Barrow County's original settlers were Creeks and Cherokees, many of whom lived in a settlement known as Snodon. A Native American legend about the area tells of Nodoroc, a small lake of boiling blue mud said to be a place of punishment, execution, and religious significance.
On July 7, 1914,
The county's largest city is the county seat of Winder, home of Richard B. Russell Jr., whose nearly forty years in the U.S. Senate brought him widespread recognition through his roles as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee and president pro tempore of the Senate. Russell, who died in 1971, was a member of the Warren Commission, which investigated U.S. president John F. Kennedy's assassination. Other incorporated cities in the county include Bethlehem, Carl, Statham, and parts of Auburn and Braselton.
C. Fred Ingram, gen. ed., Beadland to Barrow: A History of Barrow County, Georgia, from the Earliest Days to the Present, comp. Barrow County Historical Society (Atlanta: Cherokee, 1978).
Cheryl Sauls, Winder
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