Apples

Most of the apple crops produced in Georgia are grown in the north Georgia mountains. Ellijay, in Gilmer County, is known as the apple capital of the state. The state's apple season can extend from July through December. The apple production of the state totaled 26 million pounds in 1997, with the produce valued at almost $3.8 million. There are an estimated 360,000 apple-bearing trees in Georgia.
The most popular varieties include Ozark Gold and Paulard (July and August); Red Delicious and Golden Delicious (July-December); Rome Beauty and Mutzu Crispin (August-December); Empire, Jonagold, and Jonathan (August-September); Arkansas Black, Fuji, Granny Smith, Stayman Winesap, and Yates (October-December).
Apples are not a difficult crop to grow and will thrive in a wide range of soil types, from sandy loam to sandy clay loam. Apple trees do not do well in poorly drained soil; the roots die, growth is stunted, and eventually the trees die. Soil should be tested before planting, because most fruit trees, including apples, grow best if the soil has a pH that is close to 6.5. Most of the soil in Georgia is too acidic, so lime must be incorporated into the soil before planting.
Rootstock influences tree size. Some growers prefer the standard tree; others like dwarf trees. Pruning is important to encourage maximum growth and fruit production.
Diseases common in Georgia apple trees are black rot, fire blight, scab, bitter rot, and alternaria. Insects that cause a problem for growers are apple tree borers, scales, aphids, fruit worms, and red spider mites.
close

Loading

Further Reading
Don Hastings, Vegetables and Fruits, Gardening in the South with Don Hastings Series (Dallas, Tex.: Taylor, 1998).

Warren Manhart, Apples for the Twenty-first Century (Portland, Ore.: North American Tree, 1995).

Dorothy Hinshaw Patent, An Apple a Day: From Orchard to You (New York: Cobblehill Books/Dutton, 1990).
Cite This Article
Lind, Catherine G. "Apples." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 17 May 2013. Web. 29 August 2015.
From Our Home Page
Fall Line

The fall line is a geological boundary, about twenty miles wide, running northeast across Georgia from Columbus to

Read more...
Lillian Smith (1897-1966)

Lillian Smith was one of the first prominent white southerners to denounce racial segregation openly and to work actively against the entren

Read more...
UGA Football

As of the 2005 season the University of Georgia (UGA) football program has w

Read more...
Spanish Exploration

The initial European exploration of Georgia was carried out in large part by Spaniards, first operating out of colonial bases in t

Read more...
Courtesy of Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University of Georgia Libraries