Updated Recently

Sea Island

Sea Island

1 day ago
Alice Walker

Alice Walker

1 week ago
Christian Science

Christian Science

1 week ago

Explore Georgia’s rich music history

From blues and soul to classical and country—our Spotify playlists feature 130+ songs written and performed by Georgians.

Georgia State Capitol

Georgia State Capitol

Atlanta has served as the capital city of Georgia since 1868. The current gold-domed capitol building, completed in 1889, houses the General Assembly in downtown Atlanta.

Savannah Meeting Place

Savannah Meeting Place

Although the precise locations of state legislature meetings in Savannah are not known, this building may have served as one meeting place for the assembly. From 1777 to 1784, Savannah served as the state capital on a rotating basis with Augusta.

Yazoo Act Burning

Yazoo Act Burning

The burning of the Yazoo Act, which resulted in the Yazoo land fraud of 1795, took place on the grounds of the capitol building in Louisville. Louisville served as the state capital from 1796 until 1806, when the legislature moved to Milledgeville.

State Capitol at Milledgeville

State Capitol at Milledgeville

The state capitol in Milledgeville, pictured circa 1850, housed the General Assembly from 1807 until 1868 and was the site of the state's secession convention in 1861. Known today as the "Old Capitol Building," the structure currently houses Georgia Military College and the Antebellum Capitol Museum.

Old Atlanta City Hall

Old Atlanta City Hall

The old Atlanta City Hall, shown here in 1864, served as the first state capitol building in the city during the last half of 1868. Today the current capitol building stands on the site of the old city hall, on a hill in downtown Atlanta.

Courtesy of Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division

Kimball Opera House

Kimball Opera House

The Kimball Opera House housed the state legislature in Atlanta from 1869 until 1889. Constructed by brothers Edwin N. Kimball and H. I. Kimball, the building was purchased by the state in 1870.

County Unit System

County Unit System

Election day in Kingsland, Camden County, in the early 1960s, before the advent of voting booths. Georgia's elections were governed by the county unit system, which gave more weight to rural votes than to urban votes, until 1962. Even though they were home to a minority of Georgians, rural counties usually decided the winners of statewide elections.

Courtesy of Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia, #
cam368.

View on partner site

Griffin Bell

Griffin Bell

Griffin Bell, left, with hand raised, is sworn in as U.S. attorney general under President Jimmy Carter (far left) in January 1977. In 1962 Bell headed a judicial panel that ruled Georgia's county unit system of voting to be in violation of the "one man, one vote" principle. His decision forced the change of a system that had been in place since 1917 and had given disproportionate voting power to rural counties.

Photograph from the National Archives and Records Administration

Distribution of Votes in the County Unit System

Distribution of Votes in the County Unit System

Under the county unit system, in effect from 1917 to 1962, a total of 410 unit votes were distributed among Georgia counties based on their designation as rural, town, or urban counties. Rural counties, in total, had 242 votes in primary elections, while town counties had 120, and urban counties had 48. Rural counties enjoyed 59 percent of the primary votes under this system, although by 1960 only 32 percent of the state's population lived in rural counties.

Courtesy of Chris Dobbs

Madison County Government Complex

Madison County Government Complex

Madison County government officials moved from the old courthouse to this government complex in 1996.

Photograph by Darby Carl Sanders, New Georgia Encyclopedia

Roswell City Hall

Roswell City Hall

Roswell, originally located in Cobb County, lies twenty miles north of Atlanta on the Chattahoochee River. Annexed to Fulton County in 1932, the city today is part of the Atlanta Regional Commission, a member of the Georgia Association of Regional Commissions.

Photograph by Jerry Joiner