About NGE

The New Georgia Encyclopedia (NGE) is the nation’s first born-digital state encyclopedia. Since 2004 it has provided ready access to authoritative scholarship on a wide variety of topics. All of its entries are written and reviewed by scholars, fact-checked by reference librarians at the University of Georgia, and updated regularly to reflect new information and recent developments. Nearly twenty years after its launch, the NGE remains committed to the notion that history and culture are public resources that should be freely available to one and all.

The NGE would not be possible but for the ongoing support of the following partner organizations: Georgia Humanities, the University of Georgia Libraries, the University of Georgia Press, and the University System of Georgia/GALILEO.

The People

Editorial Staff

John C. Inscoe

Founding Editor

Edward Hatfield

Managing Editor

Stephanie Devine

Assistant Editor


Kristin Nielsen

Librarian, University of Georgia

John Prechtel

Librarian, University of Georgia

Diane Trap

Librarian, University of Georgia

Executive Committee

Lisa Bayer

Director, University of Georgia Press

Kelly Caudle

VP of Communications, Georgia Humanities

Toby Graham

University Librarian & Academic Provost, University of Georgia

Lucy Harrison

Executive Director, GALILEO / University System of Georgia

Laura McCarty

President, Georgia Humanities

Special Acknowledgements

Today’s NGE reflects the valuable contributions of many people. We are especially grateful to a long list of former staffers and consultants, as well as the section editors and editorial advisors for the first edition of the NGE.

Project Partners

Content Partners

The NGE gratefully acknowledges the libraries, museums, research centers, institutes, and other organizations that have shared both their archival collections and the expertise of their curators and archivists with the project.


State of Georgia

Georgia Power Foundation

Robert W. Woodruff Foundation

University of Georgia

National Endowment for the Humanities

James M. Cox Foundation


UPS Foundation

Peyton Anderson Foundation

Historic Chattahoochee Commission

Technical College System of Georgia

Wachovia Foundation

Watson-Brown Foundation

Tull Charitable Foundation

Imlay Foundation

Frances Wood Wilson Foundation

Merrill-Hall New Media

Katherine John Murphy Foundation

President’s Venture Fund, UGA

Scott Hudgens Family Foundation

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