John Portman (b. 1924)
John Portman, Atlanta by combining the role of architect with that of developer. Because he often personally contributed to the financing of his projects, Portman enjoyed a degree of independence in fulfulling his architectural visions.
John Calvin Portman Jr. was born to Edna and John Portman on December 4, 1924, in Walhalla, South Carolina. He grew up in Atlanta and served in the navy during World War II (1941-45) before graduating in 1950 with a degree in architecture from the Georgia Institute of Technology. In 1953 Portman opened an architectural firm in Atlanta, known today as John Portman and Associates. The firm is part of the Portman Family of Companies, which also includes Portman Holdings, a real-estate development company, and AmericasMart, a home decor wholesaler.
Portman designed numerous buildings in Atlanta, including office complexes and hotels, that were intended to revitalize the city's downtown area. His Peachtree Center Office Building (1965) in Atlanta established a model for multipurpose complexes globally, and his famous Hyatt Regency Hotel (1967),
Peachtree Center, which functions as a city within a city, has revived and virtually redefined the modern-day agora and convention center. The center continued to develop in subsequent decades with the additions of office towers, hotels, public retail space, and wholesale market centers. Most notable among these additions are the Apparel Mart (1979, 1992), a concrete fashion showroom, and Inforum (1989), a glass technology mart joined by sky bridges. Adherents of the New Urbanist school criticized these structures as insular environments that lacked integration with the city. Such criticism marks a certain irony in Portman's career, since he was early praised for carving urban spaces from a decaying downtown and for stimulating and guiding the rejuvenation of Atlanta's center.
In addition to his work in Atlanta, Portman's other significant designs include buildings in several major U.S. cities, such as the Embarcadero Center in San Francisco, California (1971-76, 1988); the Renaissance Center in Detroit, Michigan (1977); and the Bonaventure Hotel in Los Angeles, California (1977). These projects were followed by Marina Square (1987) in Singapore and Shanghai Centre (1990) in China, both of which established Portman's international reputation.
Within Georgia, Portman's most famous building outside Atlanta is his beach house, Entelechy II (1986), on Sea Island. The beach house was built as a studio and weekend retreat for Portman, who had become increasingly interested in painting, sculpture, and furniture design. The nearly 22,000-square-foot concrete beach house also became a museum for Portman's art collection. Many pieces in the collection are of his own making and include canvases, which are mostly abstract expressionist in character; sculptures, inspired by Matisse, Dubuffet, and others; and furniture. Oriental and archaic themes appear in his paintings as well as in his sculptures.
Portman continued to work and design throughout the 1990s, and in 2000 he saw the opening of SunTrust Plaza Garden Offices. As of 2007 SunTrust Plaza was Atlanta's second-tallest building, after the Bank of America Plaza.