Georgia Studies: Government/Civic Understandings (Eighth Grade GSE)

Georgia State Capitol

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SS8CG1

Describe the foundations of Georgia's government.
a. Explain the basic structure of the Georgia state constitution (preamble, bill of rights, articles, and amendments) as well as its relationship to the United States Constitution.
b. Explain separation of powers and checks and balances among Georgia's three branches of government.
c. Describe the rights and responsibilities of citizens according to the Georgia Constitution.
d. List voting qualifications for elections in Georgia.
e. Identify wisdom, justice, and moderation as the three principles in the Pledge of Allegiance to the Georgia Flag.

SS8CG2

Analyze the role of the legislative branch in Georgia.
a. Explain the qualifications for members of the General Assembly and its role as the lawmaking body of Georgia.
b. Describe the purpose of the committee system within the Georgia General Assembly.
c. Explain the process for making a law in Georgia.
d. Describe how state government is funded and how spending decisions are made.

SS8CG3

Analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government.
a. Explain the qualifications for the governor and lieutenant governor and their role in the executive branch of state government.
b. Describe how the executive branch fulfills its role through state agencies that administer programs and enforce laws.

SS8CG4

Analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government.
a. Describe the ways that judges are selected in Georgia.
b. Analyze the dual purpose of the judicial branch: to interpret the laws of Georgia and administer justice in our legal system.
c. Explain the difference between criminal law and civil law.
d. Explain the steps in the adult criminal justice system beginning with arrest.

SS8CG5

Explain how the Georgia court system treats juvenile offenders.
a. Explain the difference between delinquent and unruly behavior and the consequences of each.
b. Describe the rights of juveniles involved in the juvenile justice system.
c. Explain the steps in the juvenile justice system when a juvenile is first taken into custody.

SS8CG6

Analyze the role of local governments in the state of Georgia.
a. Explain the origins and purposes of city, county, and special-purpose governments in Georgia.
b. Describe how local government is funded and how spending decisions are made.
 
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"Georgia Studies: Government/Civic Understandings (Eighth Grade GSE)." New Georgia Encyclopedia. 21 July 2017. Web. 14 April 2021.
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