Thomson, the seat of McDuffie County, lies thirty miles west of Augusta along the east-west corridors of Interstate 20 and U.S. 278. Thomson was named for J. Edgar Thomson of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the chief civil engineer and surveyor of the Georgia Railroad, which ran from Augusta to Crawfordville. Thomson was incorporated in Columbia County by the state legislature on February 15, 1854. When McDuffie County was created from parts of Columbia and Warren counties in 1870, Thomson, near the center of the new county, was designated its county seat.

Thomson Depot
Thomson Depot

Courtesy of Steve Storey

Thomson grew with the railroad. The wooden station gave way to the 1860 granite depot, later augmented with brick. John Langston, a farmer who owned much of the land that made up Thomson, converted his house to a hotel serving railroad crew and travelers. Langston’s son-in-law, the Reverend J. H. Stockton, bought land south of the railroad, dividing it into building lots. Around 1850 he, too, built a hotel, the Knox Hotel, which still stands. Stockton was also instrumental in the development of Thomson’s schools and churches. Merchants settled into stores mostly facing the railroad. Fires in 1886 and 1888 changed the face of the town. The Thomson Telephone Exchange was chartered in 1901, the Thomson Light and Water Company in 1918. In more recent times, Interstate 20 and the Thomson-McDuffie Regional Airport have influenced the city’s development.

Knox Hotel
Knox Hotel

Courtesy of Georgia Archives.

Gold was discovered near Thomson in 1823. Most of this gold, totaling $80,000 in bullion, was obtained close to the earth’s surface and refined by the use of a stamp mill, constructed by the local mine owner Jeremiah Griffin. After the Civil War (1861-65) gold mining declined. Today Thomson’s industries include kaolin mining, textile manufacturing, iron works distribution facilities, and agribusiness. Several large industrial parks surround the city.

According to the 2010 U.S. census, Thomson’s population was 6,778. Thomson is known as the “Camellia City of the South” and also as the “Tournament City.” Proximity to Augusta and to Aiken, South Carolina, with their rich golfing and equestrian histories, and to the Strom Thurmond/Clarks Hill reservoir, has encouraged a variety of competitive recreational activities. Augusta’s Masters Tournament has encouraged the development of more than twenty area golf courses. Baseball, softball, and fishing tournaments are held in Thomson, as well as archery tournaments like the Dixie Bowhunter Jamboree. The Belle Meade Hunt, one of the few fox hunts in the Southeast, begins with the “blessing of the hounds” in early November, and hunts take place each week through March. Pine Top Farm, known for its equestrian events, served as a training site for Olympic competitors from five countries before the 1996 Olympic Games in Atlanta.

Among the points of interest is one of the few monuments dedicated to the women of the Confederacy, which is located at 111 Railroad Street. Another is the 1785 Rock House, Georgia’s oldest stone house, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Augusta Techncial College operates a satellite campus in town.

Thomson was the hometown of statesman and politician Thomas E. Watson, a prominent member of the Populist Party in Georgia and the namesake of the Watson-Brown Foundation. Other Thomson natives include the blues musician “Blind Willie” McTell and the folk artists Jake McCord and Zebedee Armstrong.

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Rock House

Rock House

Believed to have belonged to the ancestors of U.S. president Jimmy Carter, the Rock House was built in Thomson in 1785, making it one of the oldest houses in Georgia. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970.

Thomson Depot

Thomson Depot

The Thomson Depot, built around 1860 and located in the center of Thomson's commercial historic district, today houses the Thomson-McDuffie Chamber of Commerce and a community center.

Courtesy of Steve Storey

Knox Hotel

Knox Hotel

Guests gather outside the Knox Hotel in Thomson around 1910. The hotel, originally known as the Greenway Hotel, was built around 1850 by Joseph Henry Stockton to serve passengers coming through town on the railroad. It was later purchased and renamed by Charles Edward Knox in 1882.

Courtesy of Georgia Archives, Vanishing Georgia, #mcd023.

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Thomas E. Watson House

Thomas E. Watson House

Georgia politician Thomas E. Watson purchased a home in Thomson in 1881 and lived there until 1904. The home is now a National Historic Landmark and serves as the administrative headquarters for the Watson-Brown Foundation.

Courtesy of Watson-Brown Foundation, Inc.